Timeline of Notable Events to the Cherokee Nation

First Cherokee Delegation visit London, England

June 12, 1730

First Cherokee Delegation visit London, England

From CherokeeRegistry.com: In 1730, at Nikwasi, a Englishman, Sir Alexander Cumming convinced Cherokees to crown Moytoy of Tellico as “Emperor.” Moytoy agreed to recognize King George II of Great Britain as the Cherokee protector. Seven prominent Cherokee, including Attakullakulla, traveled with Sir Alexander Cuming back to London, England. This Cherokee delegation “signed” the Treaty of […]

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Cherokee Nation Establishes Judicial System and Supreme Court

February 1, 1819

10 years before the State of Georgia set up its judicial system, the Cherokee Nation had divided into 8 judicial districts and established a Supreme Court.

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Sequoyah Introduces Syllabary

January 1, 1821

Sequoyah Introduces Syllabary

After 11 years of developing a writing system, Sequoyah ᏎᏉᏯ , aka George Guess, introduces the Cherokee Syllabary.

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Andrew Jackson loses presidency to John Quincy Adams

November 5, 1824

Andrew Jackson loses presidency to John Quincy Adams

Andrew Jackson, running a campaign based on “The Indian Question,” won the popular and electoral votes but failed to receive a majority. The vote went to the House of Representatives, who elected John Quincy Adams instead. This spurred Jackson to spend the next four years campaigning heavily using the platform of Indian Removal, ultimately winning […]

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State of Georgia creates Board of Public Works and begins mapping railroad routes through Cherokee land

March 1, 1825

Cherokee Nation Constitutional Committee meets

May 15, 1827

John Ross was elected to a 24-member Constitutional Committee to draft a constitution calling for a Principal Chief, council and National Committee of the Cherokee Nation. The Constitution was ratified in October, 1827, but not to take effect until October 1828.

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Cherokee Phoenix begins publication

February 21, 1828

Cherokee Phoenix begins publication

Treaty with Western Cherokee

May 6, 1828

Western Cherokee delegation ceded land in Arkansas for land in Indian Territory (Present Day Oklahoma). Cherokee National Council declared the delegation to be guilty of deception and fraud and declared the treaty null and void, made without authority. However, it was ratified by US Senate on May 28.

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Gold discovered in Dahlonega, Georgia

May 15, 1828

A Brief History of The Dahlonega Gold Rush and Consolidated Gold Mine Submitted by Billy Cantrell Originally from: www.consolidatedgoldmine.com Gold was first discovered in the Dahlonega area in 1828, twenty years before the Gold Rush to California. When it was discovered it was completely by accident – when a deer hunter, Benjamin Parks, tripped over […]

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John Ross elected first Principal Chief of Cherokee Nation

October 1, 1828

John Ross elected first Principal Chief of Cherokee Nation

Andrew Jackson Elected US President

November 4, 1828

Andrew Jackson Elected US President

After campaigning on a platform of Indian Removal, Jackson won the election.

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State of Georgia passes anti-indian laws

December 20, 1828

In an attempt to expedite Cherokee Removal, Georgia passed repressive legislation stripping Cherokee of rights: Cherokee citizens could not mine gold, could not meet in groups of 3 or more, could not practice religion, could not testify in court against whites, and the laws of the Cherokee Nation were abolished.

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Congress passes Indian Removal Act

May 28, 1830

Authorizes the president to set aside lands west of the Mississippi to exchange for lands of the Indian nations in the east. https://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llsl&fileName=004/llsl004.db&recNum=458

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Supreme Court Case: Cherokee Nation v. Georgia

March 5, 1831

In 1828, the Cherokee Nation sought an injunction from the Supreme Court to prevent the state of Georgia from enforcing a series of laws stripping the Cherokee people of their rights and displacing them from their land, asserting that the laws violated treaties the Cherokees had negotiated with the United States. In the case of […]

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Supreme Court Case: Worcester v. Georgia

March 23, 1832

The case that is considered to have built the foundations of tribal sovereignty in US, it laid out the relationship between tribes, state and federal governments. In a popular quotation that is believed to be apocryphal, President Andrew Jackson reportedly responded: “John Marshall has made his decision; now let him enforce it!” This derives from […]

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Georgia holds land lottery

December 3, 1832

A law passed on December 3, 1832, divided original Cherokee County into ten counties: Cass (renamed Bartow), Cherokee, Cobb, Floyd, Forsyth, Gilmer, Lumpkin, Murray, Paulding, and Union. In the drawing of tickets and in the granting of the land, the area was treated only as Cherokee territory. It was divided between land lots distributed by […]

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September 6, 1839

Cherokee Constitution ratified in Tahlequah.

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